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clauses 句

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0.全体観

I think Liz is the person for the job. 【節】
Whether he stole the money or not remains a mystery. 【whether/if 節】
I have no idea where Natasha is at the moment. 【wh 節】

1.主語位置での節

A. タダの節

That he is hiding something is plain to see.

× He is a spy is clear.
〇 That he is a spy is clear.

Calm down. I just asked her if she wanted a drink is all.

B. 二択の whether 節

Whether our plan will work or not is in the lap of the Gods!
Whether we buy the house will depend largely on the selling price.

× If our plan will work or not is in the lap of the Gods!

C. wh 節

What the government decides affects all of us.
When she gets married is her business.
Where she got all that money from is a mystery.
How you treat the others will determine how others treat you.
Who my son goes out with doesn’t concern me at all.
Why he has so much trouble finding a girlfriend is beyond me.

What does he have? 【wh疑問文】
what he has 【wh節】

〇目的語としての節

I think you should definitely apply for that job in that you’ve got nothing to lose. 前置詞の目的語
This suit is quite satisfactory, expect that the sleeves are a little too long.
Your success depends on whether you make the right decisions.
The quality of a presentation depends on how well you prepare.

2.修飾語位置での節

A. 説明型の節

The simple fact is that we lost the game. End of story.
The question is whether / if our business can survive or not.
This is where I hang out. ぶらぶらしている

B. 動詞(句)説明(レポート文)

I love that I live within walking distance of my university.
He told me that he doesn’t want to lose me.
I’m afraid that your plan doesn’t work.

I don’t know whether I can afford to go clubbing this weekend.
He asked me if I wanted to go Guam with him.

I asked her what she was planning to wear to the wedding.
He didn’t tell me what kind of restaurant he would like to go to.
I don’t have a clue where I put my keys.

〇wh節の2つの解釈

He asked me where I live. どこに僕が住んでいるのか
It’s far from where I live. 僕が住んでいる場所

She wanted to know why I stood her up.
That’s why I stood her up.

I don’t know who snitched on me. 告げ口する
That’s who I met at the meeting.

He asked me what I wanted for my birthday.
This is exactly what I wanted for my birthday.

How can I forget what you did for me? what は「何を欲しかった」から「欲しかったモノ」へ
What is cheap is not always nasty.
I love who you are, not what you have.
What he told me was a load of rubbish.

C. 名詞句の説明

I heard a rumor that you had dumped your boyfriend. So what about me? 捨てる
The question whether an afterlife exists has been debated for centuries.

will-she-or-won’t-she-get-the-guy romantic comedy
whodunit detective story (whodunit = who done it?)

〇疑問詞を使ったさまざまな表現

You can have whatever you fancy.
Please choose whichever you need.
Wherever you go, I will follow you.
I’ll be here for you whenever you need me.

Whoever you decide to marry, I will be happy for you. 譲歩
Whatever you may think about John, he is certainly a gifted pianist.
However hard I tried, I couldn’t break the code.

No matter what I do, my parents never seem to be satisfied.
No matter how hard I try, I just can’t get the hang of it. コツがわかる
No matter where he goes, he always gets a warm welcome.

He is what we might call the dark horse in this election campaign.

what we call [what is called] – / what we (may / might ) call – いわゆる~

My car broke down on the way to the airport, and what’s worse, I missed my flight! さらに悪いことには

No, I haven’t invited her yet, and what’s more, I have no intention to inviting her! その上、さらに

What with the house loan, the car loan, and food prices going through the roof,   ~やら~やらで、
I can hardly make ends meet.

最終更新:2019/11/24

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