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questions 疑問文

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この記事は約7分で読めます。

1.基本疑問文

疑問文の作り方

A. 文に助動詞がある

May I enter the room?
Have you finished your homework?

B. 文に助動詞がない

Do you speak Spanish?

C. be動詞の場合

Are you OK?

You had a good time? ↗

I don’t Know. よくわかりません
I wouldn’t know.
I couldn’t know.
I’m not sure.

No way! まさか!
Who cares? 誰が気にするんだよそんなこと? [=知るか、そんなこと]

2.否定疑問文

Can’t you find a job?
Don’t you love me?
Isn’t this disgusting? ひどい

3.付加疑問文

You can play golf better than me, can’t you?
So, Sayuri doesn’t want to go out with me, does she?
It’s a beautiful day, isn’t it?

You love me, don’t you? ↗ でしょ?
You love me, don’t you? ↘ よね!

I’m gorgeous, aren’t I?
I’m gorgeous, isn’t I?
I’m gorgeous, amn’t I? ×
I’m gorgeous, am I not?   →スノービッシュな言い方

You remembered to bring the key, right? – Err…!
Get off my back, OK?
So, you fancy my girlfriend, huh?
That’s a good idea, don’t you think?
Quit pestering me, will you? しつこくしないでくんない?
Let’s break for lunch, shall we?

It’s fine, innit?
You love me more than her, innit?

4.あいづち疑問文

I can give you a ride, if you like.
– Oh, can you? That would be great!

I never wear any make-up.
– Oh, don’t you?

I’m a bit drunk.
– Oh, are you?

Oh, really?
Wow!
Great!

5.wh疑問文①しくみ

What is that?
Who is that girl?
which do you like?
When are you leaving?
Where were you born?
How did you do that?
Whose is this?
Why didn’t he come?

6.wh疑問文②基礎

What do you like? – I like hamachi.
Who did you meet? – I met Hanako.
Which do you like, dogs or cats? – I like cats.
Whose is this car? – It’s my Dad’s.

Which do you like ↘, dogs ↗ or cats ↘ ?

I hate you, Chris. – WWWhat??? What did you say ↗? 反射
I bumped into Mary at the bank. – You bumped into who ↗?

What did you do that for?
Who are you going drinking with?

To whom did you send the e-mail?
To which universities are you applying?
By when dose this paper need to be done?

Who told you that? – A little bird did! 言いたくないよ
What makes you happy? – Hanging out with my friends does. 主語のwhは三単現扱い

How old are you? – I’m seventeen (years old).
How tall are you? – I’m 5 foot 8.
How much is this? – It’s $5.
How many CDs do you have? – Too many to count!
What kind of music do you like? – I like rap music best.
Whose rollerblades are those? – They’re my brother’s.
Which MP3 player out of these four would you choose?

7.wh疑問文③応用

Who did you say called Cindy?
I said Nancy called Cindy.
Who did you say Cindy called?
I said Cindy called Ken.

What do you think was the cause of the accident?
Who do you suppose was behind the fraud?
When do you imagine you’ll get the results of the scan?

I think that the school will suspend the 3 boys for cyber-bullying.

× What do you think that ■ was in the mysterious parcel? レポート文の主語を尋ねる場合、thatは使えない
〇 What do you think ■ was in the mysterious parcel?

What time do you want me to come round?
Where in the whole world would you choose to go for your honeymoon?
Who would you like to be as famous as?

I went to Estonia. – You went where? 聞き返し
I bought a loofah. – You bought what?
I’ve been a vegetarian for 20 years. – You’ve been a vegetarian for how long?
I heard that Terry broke up with Lisa.
– What?? Who broke up with who?

8.疑問ではない疑問文

Can you talk some sense into my son? He won’t listen to me. 依頼
– Well, I can try!
Will you can call me as soon as you get there? I’ll be worried about you.
– Sure, Mom.
– Certainly.

Why don’t you stay a little longer?
Why don’t we take the kids to the zoo on Saturday?
Why must you always leave the toilet seat up?
What do you say we go catch a movie tonight?
Would you like a cup of coffee?
How / What about going for a bike ride along the river?
Who are you to give me advice?
Who do you think you are?
You need to apologize to her. – Why should I? やだよ

最終更新:2019/11/24

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