本格的リニューアルのため、表示に不具合がありますが更新中です

WH-modification WH修飾詞

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1.人指定のwho

A. 主語

The woman who lives next door is an English teacher.
I know a lot of teenagers who feel alone.

B. 目的語

That is the guy who I met on the flight to London.
The girl who I wanted to date is now going out with my best friend!
Is that the teacher who you complained about?

C. Whose+名詞

A widower is a man whose wife has died.
I just met a girl whose brother I used to play soccer with.

I got a beautiful letter form the family with whom I stayed in Australia. 前置詞の目的語でしか使わない

2.モノ指定のwhich

A. 主語

Where is the parcel which arrived this morning?
The house which was for sale has now been sold.
I like stories which have happy endings.

B. 目的語

The top which Ann bought is sooo cute!

C. Whose+名詞

You can choose a laptop whose price falls within your budget.

This is the file which I was looking for.
フレーズは崩さない
be fond of
take advantage of つけいる

3.wh語を使わない・thatを使う

A. wh語を使わない

The car I want to get is eco-friendly.
The guy you were talking to is my boyfriend.

B. that を使う

The woman that lives next door is an English teacher. who
The car that I want to get is eco-friendly. which
I’ve seen a lot of people and things that I don’t want to see again! 人+モノ
Nan is the only animal that blushes.
The simplest emotion that we discover in human mind is curiosity.
This is everything that I own.
Don’t believe all the stuff that you read in the papers.
A team that doesn’t have a good coach has no chance of success.

4.where, when, why

A. 場所のwhere

This is the hospital where I was born.
This is the hospital in which I was born.
I found myself a situation where I just had to lie. 状況
場合 case
状況 circumstance

B. 時間のwhen

Can you pinpoint the moment when you fell in love with her?

C. 理由のwhy

The reason why I’m calling you is to ask you a favor.

5.wh語なし

A. day, year, time (日、年、時)

I still remember the day (that) you were born.
The last time (that) I saw her, she looked fine.

B. -where(どこでも、など)

She followed me everywhere (that) I went.

C. reason(理由)

The reason (that) the students fall asleep is obvious – his class is really boring.

D. way(方法)

I hate the way (that) he talks.

6.ハイレベルwh修飾

A. 深く埋め込まれた穴

This is the video game that most of the kids in my school say is just awesome.
The keys which my wife thought I lost were in her bag.
The people I really wanted to be at my party can’t come.
The data which I thought was lost had been put in the wrong document.
This is the restaurant that I thought you said all the reviews you had read praised as the best in town.

7.カンマ付wh修飾

The woman who designed my apartment is a Feng Shui expert.
My brother Geoff, who is a chef by the way, lives in Newcastle.

Barbara Chang, the hotel manager, greeted us personally.
Alan Goldsmith, the CEO of our company, is retiring next year.

Jim, who speaks French, works as a tourist guide.
We stayed at the Grand Hotel, which some friends recommended to us.
Amy, whose date had just stood her up, was in a foul mood.
I’m going to spend two weeks in New York, where my daughter lives.
注意)カンマ付きはthat禁止
The students gave an excuse for missing class, the truth of which was dubious, to say the least.
This watch, for which I paid 200 dollars, is a fake!
I bought 2 kilos of apples, half of which were rotten!
We looked at 2 apartments, both of which were excellent.

She was adventurous, which he was not.
I had to play the piano in front of whole school, which was really nerve-wracking.
If he ever went out on town, which didn’t happen very often, he usually came home drunk.

12 関係詞- 英文法大全 - 英文法 英語 文法 表現 用法 英語学習

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